For decades, the diagnosis of cancer has been one of the most feared in the area of cancer medicine. His mere mention was synonymous with tragedy. However, with the passage of time and the various advances in medicine, this dark panorama has been gaining more and more lights.
Currently, the prognosis for a cancer patient is much more optimistic than just ten years ago. Although identifying the conditions in favor of a cancer patient is quite complex – taking into account the fact that there are many types of cancer – if we can list five relevant reasons why more people with cancer currently survive .
5 Reasons why more people with cancer survive today
1.The disease is better detected
It has always been said that it is impossible to fight against something that cannot be seen. With the new technological advances in the field of oncological medicine, diagnosis is no longer a problem in the fight against cancer and the advantage is added that it is easier to treat when detected at an early stage. In this sense, there are 3 types of cancer that have experienced great advances.
1.1 Breast cancer
According to the American Cancer Society (SAC), women should have the option to start having an annual breast cancer screening with mammograms at the age of 40. Women between the ages of 45 and 54 should have a mammogram every year and women age 55 and older can have it every 2 years or continue their annual check-up.
Similarly, advances in mammography, including 3D mammography, allow us to detect more cases of breast cancer.
Diagnosis of breast cancer
1.2 Lung cancer
Similar studies have also shown that people who have been smoking for a long time can benefit from lung cancer screenings with a low dose of computed tomography. These diagnostic tests can detect small tumors that are not usually visible in conventional x-rays, allowing lung cancer to be treated earlier.
1.3 Colon cancer
One of the great achievements in the field of cancer screening is the decrease in deaths from colon cancer. With each passing day, more and more people are encouraged to perform a colonoscopy, a medical process capable of detecting and removing polyps with possible cancerous mutation.
2.Treatment with chemotherapy is better
How illusive would it be to think of selective weapons? Yes that they identify and finish with their objective. Yes, do not hurt anyone else, no matter how close you are. It may sound like science fiction, but the concept fits the new carcinogenic treatments that are developing. For example, new types of chemotherapy target specific types of cancer based on genetic mutations without damaging normal cells.
The typical example is that of chronic myelogenous leukemia, which we only know by its first name, leukemia, a disease that causes the bone marrow to generate excess white blood cells. Until then, many of the treatments that fought it included drugs that compromised much of the patient’s immune and circulatory system. However, after the release of a drug known as tyrosine kinase inhibitors – Gleevec in 2001, the average 5-year survival for leukemia has almost doubled, according to the American Society of Clinical Oncology.
Also a type of medication called growth factor inhibitors – Tarceva – has been shown to be very promising to extend the lives of people with certain types of advanced pancreatic and lung cancer.
In the future, these new treatments are expected to extend patients’ lives long enough to develop new and more advanced treatments.
3.Much progress has been made in cancer treatments
Certainly, better techniques and better radiation therapies have contributed to the decrease of cancer deaths. Techniques such as robotic surgery and intensity-modulated radiation therapy allow greater precision in the destruction of tumors.
During the last few years, some of the most exciting advances have been made in the area of immunotherapy, which helps the body’s immune system destroy cancer cells. In essence, it turns off the ability of the tumor to protect itself, allowing the immune system to attack the cancer as if it were any infection.
The goal of immunotherapy is not necessarily to cure cancer, but to make it a treatable chronic disease with which people can live indefinitely.
4.The side effects of the treatments are more tolerable
In addition to better treatments for cancer, great progress has been made in improving problems that make cancer even more difficult. Advances in techniques for pain control, for example, can greatly improve a patient’s ability to tolerate their treatments.
New antinausea drugs, on the other hand, are making the secondary symptoms of chemotherapy more tolerable. There are also several drugs on the market capable of preventing vomiting and dehydration, which can lead to problems in the kidneys, heart and blood vessels.
It has also improved the treatment of many diseases – from heart disease to infections – that often take the lives of patients weakened by cancer.
Complementary services such as physical therapy and exercise programs are also helping patients improve their health conditions and better support cancer treatments, allowing more favorable results.
5.More awareness about the disease
This may not be measured by indicators or statistics, but it is clear that there is currently greater awareness in the population about what good health means. Unlike the last century, today people are much more careful than they put in their mouths: does this have a lot of sugar? Colorants? Is it carcinogenic?
Do you want a test? Look around and count how many people take care of your health and your diet today. Notice the prevalence of fitness centers and the emphasis that has been placed on eating more organic and natural foods.
Little by little, people adopt more responsible habits, such as having medical checkups once a year, and leaving aside other more destructive ones such as tobacco: “the most preventable of the causes of death,” according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevention of the United States of America.
The rate of smokers in American adults dropped from 25.5% to 16.8% between 1990 and 2014. This decline has certainly had and will continue to have an impact on deaths from lung cancer.